Discussion:
Outraged Creationists Ready To Go On More Shooting Sprees!!! Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All Humans and Living Apes
Add Reply
America Proud
2019-10-22 22:25:29 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2020-11-12 04:11:51 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2020-12-06 17:17:38 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2020-12-14 03:13:19 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2020-12-17 03:48:17 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-04-25 23:02:58 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-04-25 23:02:59 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-04-25 23:02:59 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-04-25 23:03:00 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-06-03 14:44:53 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-06-03 14:44:53 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-06-03 14:44:54 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.
American Thinker
2021-06-03 14:44:54 UTC
Reply
Permalink
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/ancient-infant-ape-
skull-
sheds-light-ancestor-all-humans-and-living-apes
*Ancient Infant Ape Skull Sheds Light on the Ancestor of All
Humans and Living Apes* by Michael Price
Aug. 9, 2017
Anthropologists have waited decades to find the complete
cranium of a Miocene ape from Africa -- one that lived in the
hazy period before the human lineage split off from the
common ancestors we share with chimpanzees some 7 million
years ago. Now, scientists in Kenya have found their prize at
last: an almost perfectly preserved skull roughly the size of
a baseball. The catch? It’s from an infant. That means that
although it can give scientists a rough idea of what the
common ancestor to all living apes and humans would have
looked like, drawing other meaningful conclusions could be
challenging.
“This is the sort of thing that the fossil record loves to
do to us,” says James Rossie, a biological anthropologist
at the State University of New York in Stony Brook who
wasn’t involved with the study. “The problem is that we
learn from fossils by comparing them to others. When there
are no other infant Miocene ape skulls to which to make those
comparisons, your hands are tied”.
The remarkably complete skull was discovered in the Turkana
Basin of northern Kenya 3 years ago. As the sun sank behind
the Napudet Hills west of Lake Turkana, primate
paleontologist Isaiah Nengo of De Anza College in Cupertino,
California, and his team started walking back to their jeep.
Kenyan fossil hunter John Ekusi raced ahead to smoke a
cigarette. Suddenly he began circling in place. When Nengo
caught up, he saw a dirt-clogged eye socket staring up at
him. “There was this skull just sticking out of the
ground,” Nengo recalls. “It was incredible because we had
been going up and down that path for weeks and never noticed
it”.
The team carefully extracted the fossil from the rocky ground
using small dental picks and brushes. Nengo knew immediately
it was a primate skull, but that he wouldn’t learn much
more until he and colleagues performed a more sophisticated
analysis.
At the Noble Gas Laboratory at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, researchers measured argon
isotopes—which decay at a fixed, predictable rate—within
the fossil’s rock layer, revealing that it was about 13
million years old. Back then, the dry, rocky landscape of
today’s Turkana Basin was a lush rainforest.
Although the fossil looks a bit like a gibbon skull on first
blush, Nengo says, its dental pattern and teeth shape suggest
its closest relatives are other Miocene fossil primates from
the genus *Nyanzapithecus*, also found in Kenya. Yet its
molars are much larger than those of the known
nyanzapithecines, indicating a new species. The researchers
named it *N. alesi*, or Alesi for short, after the Turkana
word for “ancestor”.
Extremely sensitive x-ray imaging performed at the European
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, allowed
the team to count growth lines in the fossil’s unerupted
adult teeth like tree rings, telling them Alesi was about 485
days (or 1 year and 4 months) old when it died. The x-rays
also revealed the presence of bony ear tubes in the skull,
which act as a balance organ. Primatologists have long
debated whether the Nyanzapithecus genus belonged to the ape
or monkey line, but the presence of these tubes, combined
with the size and shape of the teeth, solidly mark Alesi --
and by extension the other nyanzapithecines -- as apes
[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v548/n7666/full/nature23
4 5
6.html?foxtrotcallback=true], the researchers report today in
'Nature'. What’s more, they claim, the ear tubes present
strong evidence that it’s an evolutionary cousin to the
ancestral line of apes from which humans and living apes
derive.
That could help answer a long-standing question in primate
evolution: Did the common ancestor to living apes and humans
evolve in Africa or Eurasia? Nengo says the new finding
supports an African origin. “Africa has been acting like a
petri dish for millions of years, conducting experiments in
evolution,” he says. “Humans and our close ape relatives
are just the latest evolutionary experiments to come out of
that petri dish.”
David Begun, an anthropologist at the University of Toronto
in Canada, isn’t convinced. He points to the fact that
fossil hominines—a group whose descendants include African
apes and humans—have been found in Europe dating to 12.5
million years ago, but they don’t conclusively show up in
the African fossil record until 7 million years ago. To him,
that suggests the common ancestor evolved in Europe before
heading back into Africa. The discovery of N. alesi does
nothing to change that. “*Nyanzapithecus* is an early
ape,” Begun says. “Whether it’s the closest thing we
know to the last common ancestor... is questionable.”
----------
Another step forward in understanding ourselves.
. . .
The only sensible answer is that science is a lying because we
were created by a giant bearded white Christian Conservative
capitalist God who lives in the sky.. Send all your money to
Benny Hinn, John Hagee, Franklin Graham and Pat Robertson.
They have a special magic that gives them the power to talk
with the God.

Continue reading on narkive:
Loading...